Get high mobility and high stability in display-grade TFTs

Update: August 11, 2023
Get high mobility and high stability in display-grade TFTs

The bottom-gate Transistor is built with a stack of two layers:

Next to the oxide-insulated silicon gate is a charge transport layer (CTL) consists of indium-rich InSnZnO “featuring large average effective coordination numbers for all cations and abundant edge-shared structures to promote the mobility”, according to the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), of which NMITE is a part. Forming the other half of the bi-layer is a charge relaxation layer (CRL) made of praseodymium-doped InSnZnO, “which can significantly shorten the photoelectron lifetime, facilitating negative-bias illumination stress stabilisation”.

Positive-bias temperature stress stability is encouraged by using at least 20nm of CTL got large area deposition uniformity.

Stability figures are -1.64V for the negative-bias-illumination-stress shift and +760mV for the positive-bias-temperature-stress shift.

“This strategy has provided a promising route to resolve the mobility-stability conflict for high-end displays, promoting the further TFT-related research and development,” according to CAS.

NIMTEworked with Sun Yat-Sen University.

The work is described in ‘Addressing the conflict between mobility and stability in oxide thin-film transistors‘, published in Advanced Science, and available to read in full without payment.

According to this paper, IGZO TFTs are not expected to reach the ~40cm2/V/s mobility thought to be needed in 240Hz 8K displays.

The above stability requirement comes from the need to have a stable Transistor threshold for predictable display operation, which is above 0V, but not much above 0V to minimise the need for power-hungry high-amplitude drive signals. The more stable the threshold, the less need there is for additional just-in-case amplitude.

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